After a week marked by the deadlock of labelling GMO loads, the Cartagen Protocol parties' conference (MOP3) reached a consensus through the proposal of "contains GMOs". The agreement was achieved with the inclusion of an addendum proposed by Mexico, who was blocking the negotiations together with New Zealand and other countries. The result can be considered as a victory by the biotechnology transnationals, seen that the time defined to regulate it was extended from four to six years, and the obligatory identification of GMO exports and imports on the market between members (those who adopted the Protocol) and those non-members (those who haven't adopted the Protocol) was eliminated. This way the final document allows GMO importations from non-signatory countries of the Protocol, such as the USA. The USA, despite his non-ratification of the protocol, has sent a strong delegation to create a lobby of his interests.
Until 2012 the identification of GMO or conventional loads will depend on the technical capacity of each country. Altogether, the global community will have to wait six years to know accurately what circulates through the national frontiers. According to the protocol, nations that don't have the capacity to do so, will receive assistance to implement the labeling rules until the stipulated time. To Greenpeace, "the responsibility of the MOP3's small advance devolves mostly on the biotechnology multinationals, agrobusiness and the GMO exporting countries, such as Canada, USA and Argentina, which once more were able to turn an UN environmental conference into a space of pure commercial interests".
The failure of the MOP3 served as a preliminary of what is going to be the 8th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB COP8), which will also be held in Curitiba, on March 20-31. The CDB tends to make international coordination efforts to preserve and carry on the planet's biodiversity. CDB and COP8's most polemic issues will be: distribution of benefits derived from the use of genetic resources; the terminator seed moratory; biodiversity's preservation and use and the implementation of Working Programs of Protected Areas, Forests, Coastal and Marine Biodiversity inside the fixed time (2010 to forests and 2012 to marine and coastal areas).
While the biotechnology transnationals get to impose their interests, approximately a thousand Via Campesina's farmers continues to occupied the Syngenta Seeds' GMO experimental camp, in Santa Teresa do Oeste, PR. The camp is illegal, because it's on a damping zone of the Iguaçú Park, where the plantation of GMOs is not allowed. However, the a local judge (from the city of Cascavel), Fabrício Priotto Mussi, conceded a threshold of eviction favorable to Syngenta Seeds, ordering the evacuation of the land in five days. The judge fixed a daily fine of R$100,00 to each member of the occupation in case the court order doesn't get complied on the settled deadline. Although, the farmers decided to remain there until the federal government shuts down all the corporation's activities.
[READ MORE]: Agreement with Mexico allows consense on "contains" | Terminator, the next battle at Curitiba | Indecision at MOP 3: executive secretary antecipates impasse between countries | Opening Ritual of International Indigenous forum | Opening Ritual of International Indigenous forum II
Older Features:: Three Countries block MOP3 | Brasil defends labelling, but biosafety is not granted | Expotrade prevents sale of organic meal | Via Campesina pressures the Brazilian Government at UN conference opening | Via Campesina's Parallel Convention Takes Shape | Worldwide Convention will discuss biosafety at Curitiba
Related Links:: http://biotech.indymedia.org | http://www.cop8.org.br | http://www.iisd.ca | http://www.biodiv.org | http://www.cdb.gov.br | http://www.fboms.org.br